Ask Ivor

Don wants to know who wrote the Bible.

There is some difference of opinion, but most scholars and historians agree that it breaks down like this:

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy: Moses. Joshua: Joshua? Eleazer? Phinehas? Samuel? Judges: Samuel? Nathan? Gad? Ruth: unknown. 1+2 Samuel: Zabud? 1+2 Kings: unknown. 1+2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah: Ezra? Esther: Ezra? Mordecai? Job: unknown. Psalms: David, Solomon, Asaph, Moses, Heman, Ethan, Korah, others. Proverbs: Solomon, Agur, Lemuel, others. Ecclesiastes: Solomon? Song of Solomon: Solomon? Isaiah: Isaiah. Jeremiah: Jeremiah, Baruch. Lamentations: Jeremiah? Ezekiel: Ezekiel. Daniel: Daniel. Hosea: Hosea? Joel: Joel. Amos: Amos. Obadiah: Obadiah. Jonah: Jonah? Micah: Micah. Nahum: Nahum. Habakkuk: Habakkuk. Zephaniah: Zephaniah. Haggai: Haggai. Zechariah: Zechariah. Malachi: Malachi.

Matthew: Matthew. Mark: John, Mark. Luke: Luke. John: John. Acts: Luke. Romans, 1+2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1+2 Thessalonians, 1+2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon: Paul. Hebrews: Barnabas? Apollos? James: James (brother of Jesus). 1+2 Peter: Simon Peter. 1+2+3 John: John. Jude: Judas? (another brother of Jesus). Revelation: John.

The Bible is a collection of writings written over a period of 1500 years, in three different languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek), by more than 40 authors. The occupations of these various authors include: king, priest, prophet, lawmaker, philosopher, scholar, poet, soldier, rabbi, physician, tax collector, and fisherman. The writings cover a variety of literary forms: history, law, prophecy, poetry, parable, allegory, biography, memoir, personal correspondence, and apocalyptic.

The doctrine of inspiration teaches that the biblical authors were inspired by God. Simon Peter asserts that the authors "spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit" (2Pe 1:21). Paul says, "All Scripture is God-breathed" (2Ti 3:16).